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IG&HS INC June 2014 E-History Newsletter 

 

Electronic Newsletter of the Inverell Genealogical & Historical Society Inc JUNE 2014  #109

PO Box 1178 Inverell NSW 2360

Or Email: IGHSINC.Secretary@inverell.nsw.au

Webpage: http://www.inverell.nsw.au

Affiliated with the Society Of Australian Genealogists

 

 

PRESIDENT: Errol Thorn

 

VICE PRESIDENT: Norma Clay

 

SECRETARYElley Thorn

 

TREASURER, PUBLICITY& IT: Errol Thorn

 

RESEARCH & MINUTE SECRETARY: Norma Clay

02 6722 1659

Meet our research team at the Inverell Shire Public Library

Ring and advise your attendance 02 6722 1659

 

INVERELL DISTRICT PLACE NAMES

ARRAWATTA:Aboriginal 'tired leg'ASHFORD: First used for

Frazer's Creek township 1851, although first maps of Ashford are entitled Egerton. Named after the village in Kent, England, very close to Egerton, the native place of William Wilks, first settler in the district. The English Ashford was famous for its sales of high quality sheep.

AUBURN VALE:Named by a squatter W. Borthwick, journalist and man of letters, presumably after Auburn, the village immortalised in Oliver Goldsmith's poem 'The Deserted Village'.

BALFOUR'S PEAK:Named after John Balfour, first settler at Graman, 1839.

BANNOCKBURN:Named by John Cameron in memory of his Scottish home in the country of Stirling.

BEAULIEU:French word meaning 'beautiful place', named by Dr Louis Segol, who established a vineyard there, after his father's home in France.

BRODIE'S PLAINS:Named after Peter Brodie, partner of Thomas Haydon, who occupied the area briefly as a squatting run in 1839.

BONSHAW (originally Boneshaw):Named after the Irving family estate near Annandale, Scotland. Irving was the Rev Irving Hetherington's mother's maiden name. He was the first to take up Bonshaw Station.

BUKKULLA:Aboriginal, many divergent interpretations –most likely 'high black stump'.

CHERRY TREE HILL:Name given to this selection by Owen McCosker because of the dense wild cherry tree scrub there, so dense said one old resident " that a dog couldn't bark in it, and a wallaby had to get out to scratch himself".

 

COPE'S CREEK:In 1839 this was known as 'Johnny Cope's Creek'. In one account Johnny Cope was the manager of Cope's Creek Station for Terence Hughes of Barraba. Another interpretation is that it was named after the popular song known as 'Johnny Cope'.

COPETON:The miners called the area Boggy Camp. By 1899 it was becoming a famous diamond field and a new name was needed so the editor of the local newspaper (the Bora Creek, Boggy Camp and Tingha Miner) decided to hold a competition for a new name. Dr Thompson of Boggy Camp won, with his name Copeton.

 

CUNNINGHAM'S HILL (just south of Inverell):Notnamed by or after the explorer, but after Eugene Cunningham, early police constable in Inverell, who had a farm on this hill.

DELUNGRA:Aboriginal –a water weed or water reed. Name given to the Hall family's squatting run, Delungra, which later became part of Myall Creek Station. The name was resurrected for the town established to serve Myall Creek Closer Settlement Subdivision. The railway station, previously called Reedy Creek (after another nearby pastoral station, also called Gunnee) was renamed Delungra in 1906.

DINTON VALE:Dinton, England was the birthplace of George Wyndham, whose sons settled Bukkulla Station, of which Dinton Vale was a portion.

DUMARESQ RIVER:Named by Allan Cunningham after Colonel Dumaresq, Governor Darling's assistant and son-in –law.

 

ELSMORE originally 'Glenmore':From 1846 this was modified, variant forms being Elmsmore, Elmore, Ellmore, Elsmore. From the time of the discovery of tin there the village was always known as Elsmore, and the station was after 1900 always called "Ellmore".

FLETCHER'S SEAT (hill):After Angus Fletcher, early manager of "Byron".

FRAZER'S CREEK:Often written 'Frazier's' in the early years, probably after the Vivers' overseer in the 1840's. At that time the western portion of Kings Plains Station was known as Frazer's Creek Station, as was Blaxland's Station seven miles north of modern Ashford.

GILGAI:The aboriginal word 'gilgai' referred to small hollows in the ground, usually in the black soil, also known as 'melon holes'. The word also meant a water hole, the most likely meaning in this case.

GOONOOWGALL (pronounced 'gunny-wiggle'):Aboriginal, "the wallaby rocks" or "plenty rock wallabies".

GRAGIN:Aboriginal, "big hill", referring to Gragin Peak.

GRAMAN:Aboriginal, "big plain". The aboriginal word "gra" or "goorah" usually means "big".

GUNYAN:A native hut made of bark, now called a "gunyah". This has also been rendered "where a black gin child died".

HOWELL: Originally Bora Creek (because an aboriginal Bora ground was there) it was renamed in 1901after John Howell, mine manager and metallurgist.

KEERA:Aboriginal "shrimps", named by Allan Macpherson, squatter.

 

KING'S PLAINS:(and King's Gap, Bundarra Road): Both named after Joseph King, Superintendent at Clerk and Rankin's stationon King's Creek, who explored much of the district.

KOLOONA:The railway siding and post office were called Gragin in 1901, but this was confusing as the pastoral station also had a post office. The railway commissioners asked the local Farmers and Settlers' Association to suggest another name, but they could not, so the commissioners selected Koloona (aboriginal meaning unknown) in 1914.

LEVIATHAN:Originally the name of a tin mine near Auburn Vale. Means something of huge size, often a monster or a whale.

MACINTYRE RIVER:Known in the early days as McIntyre's River, named by both Alexander Campbell and Allan Cunningham after Peter Macintyre of Scone (although they named different rivers, the intention was there).

MANDOIE:Aboriginal, "big toe" or "big foot". There were two stations with this name in the Inverell District in 1848, which probably resulted in one being re-named Coolatai.

MOUNT RUSSELL:Probably named after John Russell, fencer on Gragin Station in 1851, who had helped to mark out Myall Creek Station in 1837. Mount Russell is on the boundary of Myall Creek, Gunnee and Bannockburn Stations.

NEWSTEAD:Named by Dr Colin Anderson after the family seat of Lord Byron. It means "new place, new home" (as in homestead).

 NULLAMANNA:Aboriginal –"large water hole".

OAKWOOD:Named after Jacob Hunt's 1869selection –so called because of the she-oaks growing on the banks of the gully.

PARADISE:1. "It is surrounded by basalt hills, and the tracks going into it were very bad before roads were made,so it was called Paradise because one had to go through Hell's Gates to get there." 2. (More likely) "The first white people came when the season was very bad, and the country looked so wretched that they called it Hell's Hole. Next time they came there had been such a transformation that they re-named it Paradise.

 PINDARI:Aboriginal "high ground" or "rough ground". Various spellings, but it was pronounced "pin-dry" by the aboriginals. The pastoral station was always known as Pindari in the 19th Century, although this is now spelt "Pindaroi". The original spelling was chosen for the dam.

ROB ROY:Referred first to Rob Roy Gully. This is the name of a book by Scottishwriter Sir Walter Scott. Name has been used since the earliest days.

 

SAPPHIRE:Originally Swamp Oak. When a school was established there in 1885 considerable confusion arose, as there was another Swamp Oak near Tamworth. The inspector asked the teacher for another name. She suggested "Sapphire" and the school's name was changed in 1886, although the name was not used for the area until later. The teacher said "after a shower of rain the ground would glisten with small blue stones and the children used tobring them to me in match boxes".

SEVERN RIVER:Named after the one in England.

STANNIFER, STANBOROUGH:Both based on the Latin (scientific name) for tin –stannum. Stannifer means, "tin bearing". Stanborough means, "tin town".

STRATHBOGIE:Named afterHugh Gordon's home in Aberdeen Shire, Scotland.

TEXAS:The first holders of the pastoral station, the McDougall brothers from Singleton took up other land too, neglecting their Dumaresq River Station (called then by the aboriginal name Collebelaa). This resulted in a dispute in 1843, which was finally settled in favour of the McDougalls, because they had arrived first. The station was then re-named Texas, presumably because in the year that the ownership dispute was settled –1845 –Texas became part of the United States, after prolonged negotiations.

TOPPER'S MOUNTAIN: (near Tingha): Probably named after brothers E. and W. Topper, employees of the Wyndham family in the 1850s. At this time the Wyndham family owned New Valley Station, which included Topper's Mountain.

TUCKA TUCKA: Originally Tucoi Tucoi, aboriginal name for "big fishing hole".

WALLANGRA:Aboriginal, "long water hole, big water hole" –same origin as Wallangra.

YETMAN:Probably borrowed from the English manor Yeatman (pronounced Yetman), but no connection between this place in England and the Dight family has yet been established. They originally called this station "Grundy", but it was Yetman by 1848.

 

 

INVERELL STATION

Inverell Station, situated in northern New South Wales several kilometres north of the present-day city of the same name, was taken up by Alexander Campbell in 1842.

Campbell, born about 1792 in Argyleshire, Scotland, had migrated to Australia in 1825 as one of five overseers for Peter Macintyre, of Blairmore, Aberdeen, on the Hunter River. Macintyre was by this time a very wealthy grazier, and after receiving first-hand information on the Inverell region from his friend, Allan Cunningham, who had explored the area in 1827 and praised its ‘beautiful sward of grass’, the wily Scotsman looked to occupying the land before it was appropriated by someone else. In 1835, he despatched Campbell (now a superintendant) to examine the unexplored country of New England.

Campbell first claimed a large tract of land for Macintyre at Guyra (Gyra), then proceeded west to the present site of Bundarra. While camped on the Gwydir River, he was informed by local Aborigines of a ‘Cawbawn Kallie’, or great river, further north. This confirmed Cunningham’s account, and thus encouraged, Campbell set out with his party shortly thereafter. The extensive plains and lush pastures they found there induced Campbell to immediately mark out the boundaries of a cattle station for Peter Macintyre, which he named Byron Plains (not after the poet, as is commonly believed, but after a member of the search party, Peter Byron).

Campbell then returned to Blairmore, where he married Catherine MacIntyre (no relation of Peter) and continued to administer Macintrye’s Hunter Valley property. When in 1842 Peter Macintyre died, his sister, Mary, inherited Byron Plains and placed it under the care of Campbell. While there he established his own station directly east of Byron Plains which he called Inverell Station. The name he chose for the property, which was later given to the settlement nearby, is a Gaelic word which derives from Campbell’s native Inverawe in Scotland; ‘inver’, meaning confluence (referring to the confluence of the Macintyre River and Swan Brook on his property), and ‘ell’, meaning swan (referring, of course, to Swan Brook, although Macintyre is reported to have seen several swans there as well).

Unlike Byron Plains, which had been established as a cattle station, Inverell was specifically set up as a sheep run. By 1845, Campbell’s property of 50,000 acres carried 11,100 sheep but only 24 cattle. He immediately built a homestead for his young family (Alexander and Catherine would have eight children, the first of whom, Elizabeth, came with them to Inverell in 1842), which Campbell situated alongside Swan Brook.

He and his wife spent considerable time tending to their property, and within a decade it was the central show place for the north. Its Merino sheep became famous throughout the colony for their consistently high quality. Nevertheless, life on Inverell Station was arduous and difficult; in the early years at least, the property was terribly isolated, and there was the constant fear of attacks from the Aborigines whose land was being encroached upon; ‘of roads and fences there were none’, as EC Sommerlad later wrote; ‘supplies and mails came tortuously overland from distant Morpeth -Medical advice when needed involved a preliminary journey of hundreds of miles over the mountains; of law, as represented by Crown authority, nothing was known.

In 1858, Campbell died, leaving Catherine to run the station. Their eldest son, Peter, was then only fourteen, so she appointed a manager until he reached manhood. In 1864, Peter Colin Campbell at the early age of twenty assumed responsibility for Inverell Station. A person of indefatigable energy, he formed the property into a firm called Campbell Brothers (though it also included the three sisters), introduced an extensive land-clearing and fence-building program, built a new woolshed (1870) capable of accommodating eighteen shearers at a time, and established a very successful Hereford, Merino and Clydesdale stud.

 

He married Dora Clerk, daughter of Edward and Mary Clerk of Clerkness, near Bundarra, and in 1889 built a new homstead -which he called Weranga -overlooking the original slab hut. At its peak, Inverell Station under Peter Campbell’s able management carried 100,000 sheep, 4,000 head of cattle and up to 200 pure-bred Clydesdales. He also developed a new strain of Merino sheep by breeding Inverell ewes with Rambouillet rams imported direct from France.

During his stewardship of the property, Peter Campbell bought about 1000 acres of free-hold land around the homestead but little else. As a result, Inverell Station was gradually reduced in size during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries.

A portion of its southern boundary had already been appropriated, around 1860, to establish the township of Inverell, but it was not until 1910 that large sections of the estate were subdivided. In 1923, after Peter Campbell’s death, responsibility for Inverell Station passed to his son, Colin.

The property was further reduced in 1946, when large sections of Inverell Station were cut up for soldier settler blocks. Now managed by the Body family, fourth-generation descendants of Alexander Campbell, Inverell Station with an area of 3,600 acres concentrates mainly on cattle-rearing and general agriculture.

References: EC Sommerlad, Inverell: Twixt Tableland and Plain. The State’s Finest Inland District (Inverell: Inverell Pastoral and Agricultural Association, 1917); Golden Horizens: Supplement to the Inverell Times (28 February 1972); Larry Thomson, ‘History of Inverell, 1830-1890’, Unpublished BA (Hons) Thesis (Department of History: University of New England, 1974); Elizabeth Wiedmann, World of its Own: Inverell’s Early Years, 1827-1930 (Inverell: Inverell Council and Devill Publicity, 1981).

 

INVERELL -Chishom/Ross

(Source: based on an article in the Inverell Times 10 December 2010)

Mrs Kim Polley recently visited Inverell to explore her Chisholm family history.

Her ancestor Christian Chisholm married Andrew Ross at Dingwall in Scotland in 1819. The couple came to Australia with six children in the ship ‘Asia’.

They lived at Glen Innes from 1848. The wife Christian died in 1860. Andrew then moved to the Fitzroy River area in Queensland, near to Allenstown. The family became well known in that district.

The eldest son,Colin Ross, remained in New South Wales. He became the driving force in setting up thetown of Inverell

In an interview with Times reporter, Donna Ward, Mrs Polley outlined Colin Ross’s influence in the area and his business interests here. She named the members of his family and briefly told of their lives.

 

SCHOOL PRIZES

Inverell Times Wed 27 June 1900

Miss Thornton's School

Distribution of Prizes

On Friday afternoon the friends of Miss. Thornton met by invitation in the Wesleyan Schoolroom to witness the distribution of prizes. After a short address Mr. J. J. R. Gibson handed the prizes to the sucessful pupils, it was a delightfull treat to watch the expectant faces.

The exhibition of painting and lace-work, etc, was exceedingly good and spoke volumes as to Miss. Thornton's ability to teach these accomplishments. Several special prizes had been kindly given by Mrs. P. C. Campbell. Miss. Thornton, assisted by the elder pupils, entertained all at afternoon tea.

The following is a list of the prize-takers: -. Flora McGregor, geography and history; Birdie Kendall, history; Nancy Kautz, history; Nita Onus, grammar; Maud Scott, geography; Emily Watling, reading; Ella Thorley, spelling; Tossie Gibson, writing: Jessie Stafford, arithmetic; Mabel Gray, geography; Jessie Onus, homework; Flora Brown, reading; Jessie Bates, reading; Jessie Mather, reading; Goldby Adams, history; Ernest Thorley, arithmetic; M. R. Gibson, reading; Boydie Duncan, reading; Wintrie Duncan, sums; Bruce Gibson, reading; Guy Kendall, sums.

 

BUNDARRA -Dr Charles Toogood Mervyn Williamson

Charles Toogood, surgeon, was in practice at Bundarra by 1859.

Little is known about him. Most of what can be found is based on reports on the death of Mrs Elizabeth Foote, aged about 30, (the wife of Francis Foote). She died at Bundarra on 24 May 1859.

A quick enquiry into her death was held locally by Mr Clerk. Then some matters were referred to a court at Armidale held on 31 May 1859 before the Magistrates R G Clerk and A H Palmer.

There, Charles Toogood deposed that he was a surgeon at Bundarra and said that he had been sent for to examine Mrs Foote; she was dead

when he arrived. He gave his opinion as to the cause of her death.

Others who gave evidence on that day were Francis Foote and James

Tarlington who had been threshing wheat, and lived in Foote’s hut.

(Details were reported inThe Armidale Expresson 9thJune 1859).

A further hearing took place before the Chief Justice, at Maitland on 22 September 1859.

William Morris, a medical practitioner at Tamworth told the court –

I knew Dr Toogood, a medical practitioner at Bundarra. I treated him in July. He is dead now’. Evidence showed that Dr Toogood died on about 9 July 1859

 

His death led to a lot of legal argument. Dr Toogood’s earlier evidence became suspect -what he said

could not be confirmed and no one could verify his signature on his deposition. Eventually the matter before the court was not proven.

Some Bundarra witnesses present or referred to were James Tarlington, Francis Foote, Annie Irvine, Elizabeth Glove, Chief Constable Lloyd Bradshaw and ‘an old man named Lacey’. Character witnesses were John Borthwick, John Edmunde and Patrick Cleary.

The Australian Medical Pioneer Index provides some details -

CharlesToogood was on thePersiain 1835, as surgeon superintendent

on a voyage from London to Van Diemen’s Land. Later addresses found for him are -Hobart VDL 1839, Sydney NSW 1839, 1849.

TheHobart Courierwrote on Friday, 21.8.1835 -‘Charles Toogood'

Esq,. surgeon of the Persia, has been presented with a silver snuff box,

with an appropriate inscription, by the passengers as a small mark of their esteem and regard for his gentlemanly conduct and professional

attention to them during a long and tedious journey.’

BDM Indexes show that Charles Toogood was 60 years old when hedied

His death was registered at Tamworth.

A follow up came n theSydney Morning Heraldof 13 August 1859 -

 

‘TO MEDICAL MEN -Owing to the death of DrToogood, a practice is open in the Bundarra District, New England. Further particulars may be had on early application to Mr H Goldfinch, Australian Club’.

In clearing up Dr Toogood’s estate, and advertising for next of kin, the

Supreme Court noted that a creditor was George Smith of Sydney.

 

ROUGH LANDING

 

An airline pilot wrote that on this particular flight he had hammered his ship into the runway really hard. The airline had a policy which required the first officer to stand at the door while the passengers exited, smile, and give them a 'Thanks for flying our airline.' He said that, in light of his bad landing, he had a hard time looking the passengers in the eye, thinking that someone would have a smart comment. Finally everyone had gotten off except for a little old lady walking with a cane. She said, 'Sir, do you mind if I ask you a question?' Why, no, Ma'am,' said the pilot. 'What is it?'The little old lady said, 'Did we land, or were we shot down?'

IN OUR BOOKSHOP

WILLIS FAMILY TREE BOOK

This book is "THE DESCENDANTS OF JEREMIAH WILLIS & HIS WIFE JANE NEE WHITE OF ‘BENDAGE FARM’ ROB ROY in the Inverell District.

Compiled and written by Roberta M Wallis formerly Willis nee KIRK. It is 266 A4 Size Pages, containing the WILLIS family tree & a number of articles & photos. A very large family who married into a large number of other families in the district, & connects to many other family trees. Part of Bendage Farm built in the middle 1800’s was moved and reconstructed in the Pioneer Village to take a proud place in Inverell’s Pioneer museum.

The price of this book is $30 with free postage and to anywhere in Australia. Only afew of thisbookare left. Send your order to Inverell Genealogical & Historical Society PO Box 1178 Inverell NSW2360

 

 

OFFICIAL WAR GRAVES CD

This CD contains information and photographs of all the Official War Graves in the Inverell District andincludes those in Delungra, Inverell & Tingha cemeteries. Price is $15.00 with free postage to anywhere in Australia

Send your orders to the Society at PO Box 1178 Inverell NSW 2360.

 

HISTORICAL PHOTOS CD

The Historical Photos CD is available for sale and contains 660 photos of old Inverell and its people. This CD Slide Show is now produced using a new program, and a free copy of the program is included on the CD. This CD will also operate with Windows 98, ME, 2000, XP and Vista and 7. Price is $25 with free postage to anywhere in Australia.

Send your orders to the Society at PO Box 1178 Inverell NSW 2360

ALL PRINTED NEWSLETTERS ON DVD

We are now compiling a DVD with digital copies of all the printed Newsletters that we have produced. From the 1st to the last. There will be an index to all the articles contained in them.

Price is $15.00 with free postage to anywhere in Australia.When completed we will advise to sendyour orders to the Society at PO Box 1178 Inverell NSW 2360

RESEARCH

Members have full use of our computers CD’s and archives held at no cost, non members may be asked for a small donationto use these facilities. Members unable to get to Inverell can have one surname line researched each year free of charge. Research carried out on your behalf of non Members by our Research Officer is charged for at the rate of AUS $20 per Surname researched. Quantities of photocopies over five or very extensive research may cost extra.

Include with your request a cheque or money order for AU $20.00 & astamped self-addressed DL size envelope. Once you request research our research officer willhave your request attended to as soon as possible, and in the order that they are received. Please be patient for good results involve a lot of effort.Once a request is received and started there will be no refund of the fee should a search find nothing or if it takes longer than you expect as we give no guarantee as to how long yours will take to complete.

Please remember thorough research of all avenues of information is a time consuming process for our researchers. So that you can receive the best help with your research request, and also to enable us to find information more readily, please when you writeto us include all of the information that you already have from sources that youhave checked yourself. Initial Research request should be submitted to the Secretary. Then Areference number will be allocated to your request and notified to you. When requesting progress reports or adding information contact the Research Officer Norma Clay quoting the Ref. No. at 02 6722 1659 or IGHSINC.Research@inverell.nsw.au

Please advise us if you do not want the details of your research published in our member’s newsletter. Publication of what you are researching can sometimes help you to make contact with others researching the same line. We do not publish your name in our newsletter without your authority.

 

INVERELLS PIONEER VILLAGE

Situated on Thunderbolt's Way, just over the bridge from Inverell’s town centre, is a collection of authentic homes and buildings, relocated from their original sites throughout the area. You can wander through buildings set in picturesque surroundings, landscaped as a village of yesteryear. Included in the village is the Goonoowigall School, which houses the 'Inverell Tiles Of Time' donated by the students of Inverell TAFE College.

Places of interest in the village include The Grove Homestead, Paddy's Pub, a Blacksmith's Hut, Miner's Hut, Oakwood Hall, the Times Office and a War museum collection as well as Gooda Cottage,which houses an excellent display of minerals and gemstones.In fact, each building houses a very extensive display within the building, some related to the original building while others have displays of other historical value.

Take time to walk through each building for a powerful glimpse into our past. Afternoon tea with damper and cocky's joy (golden syrup) is availableby prior arrangement only. Tea, Coffee and biscuits are available from the Village Storeat all times.

 

Inverell also is the place where the National Transport Museum can be found which contains a very extensive collection of cars trucks and other vehicles used as a mode of transport.